Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change
Met Office, Exeter, UK, 1-3 Feb 2005
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Paolo Agnolucci
Paolo is an environmental economist with a strong analytical and statistical background. After working as environmental adviser for a corporate client and as consultant in the energy sector, he joined the Policy Studies Institute in December 2002.

He is currently working in a project building scenarios for a decarbonised UK energy system in 2050 and on a project analysing the economics of the development of a hydrogen economy. Recent work has been about the role of the announcement effect in environmental taxes, the evaluation of the Climate Change Levy, modelling of technological change in energy-environment-economic models and on the role of price in the diffusion of renewable energy.
Paolo is also a PhD student in the economics department at Birkbeck College and a member of the UK Network of Environmental Economists.

Keigo Akimoto
Keigo Akimoto is a senior researcher at Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth (RITE), which is located in Kyoto, Japan. He received Ph.D degree from Yokohama National University in 1999. His scientific interests are in modelling and analysis for energy systems and the global warming issue.

Professor Nigel Arnell
Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research
School of Geography
University of Southampton

Nigel Arnell is Head of the School of Geography at the University of Southampton and co-leader of the Adaptation Theme in the Tyndall Centre. His general research area is in the implications of climate change for hydrological regimes and water management, and research has ranged from hydrological analysis to, increasingly, policy analysis. He developed the methods used by the water industry in the UK to estimate the implications of climate change for supply reliability, and played a leading role in the Defra-funded "Fast-Track" initiative to estimate the global-scale implications of climate change. Professor Arnell was also involved in the OST Foresight Future Flood and Coastal Defence Project, with particular responsibility for assessing the effectiveness of land use measures on flood damages. He was the Co-ordinating Lead Author for the chapter on Hydrology and Water Resources in the Third Assessment Report of the IPCC, and is a Lead Author for two chapters - water resources and climate change and sustainable development - in the Fourth Assessment Report. Professor Arnell is also on the UKCIP Scientific Steering Committee. He has advised the Environment Agency and water companies on the implications of climate change, and has given many presentations to scientific and policy audiences.

Dr Alice Bows
Alice Bows joined the interdisciplinary Tyndall Centre (North) within the Department of Mechanical Engineering at UMIST (now the University of Manchester) in September 2003. She trained initially as a physicist at the University of Leeds, and then studied for a PhD at Imperial College in the Space and Atmospheric Physics Group. The research covered 3-D global climate modelling of the natural variability of the atmosphere, specifically the 11-year sunspot cycle. After completing her PhD in 2000, she left academia for a brief career in science communication, firstly working for the Institute of Physics as a press officer, and then on to become head of media relations at St George's Hospital Medical School in Tooting, London.

Her first year as a research associate within the Tyndall Centre concentrated on looking at Contraction and Convergence as a policy tool for mitigating climate change, and how high growth industries, such as the aviation industry, are impacted by such a scheme. In addition to the aviation work, Alice is currently working on the integrated scenarios flagship Tyndall Theme 2 Project, which aims to bring together the various projects carried out throughout the Tyndall Centre partner institutions to develop energy scenarios for the next 50 years, that each meet the UK government's 60% emissions target.

Peter Challenor
Peter Challenor started his professional life as a statistician. He then started to work in oceanography on extremes in oceanography. During his career he has worked mainly on surface waves and satellite remote sensing. He is a co-investigator of the recent Huygens mission to Titan. Recently he has become interested in uncertainty in numerical models, particularly the climate prediction problem. He is a member of the steering committee for NERC's Rapid climate change programme.

Andrew Challinor
Andrew Challinor studied physics at Leeds University, where he went on to a PhD on the modelling of forest microclimate. In 2000 he moved to Reading, where he works at the university, as part of the cross-disciplinary Crops and Climate Group. His work focuses on the combined simulation of crops and climate, a topic with relevance to short- and long- term agricultural planning. He is one of the organisers of the forthcoming Royal Society meeting, 'Food crops in a changing climate.

Dr Richard Dawson
University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and Tyndall Centre, UK

Dr. Richard Dawson is a researcher at Newcastle University. His research is focused on improving flood management - particularly within the context of an uncertain future climate. Recent work has involved developing tools for national scale flood risk analysis for which he won the ICE's Robert Alfred Carr prize, regional scale flood risk analysis over 100 year timescales and performance based management of flood defence systems.

Dr Guangtao Fu
University of Bristol and Tyndall Centre, UK

Dr Guangtao Fu is a graduate of Shandong University of Technology with bachelors and masters degrees in Civil Engineering. He received a PhD from Dalian University of Technology with a thesis on decision making theory for water resources systems under fuzzy environments in 2003. Coming to Bristol, he works on uncertainty handling in the climate projection and integrated assessment process. His main research interests are hydrological modelling, decision support system for flood control, and uncertainty analysis of climate change on water resources systems.

Indur Goklany
Indur Goklany, who is Assistant Director for Science and Technology Policy at the U.S. Department of the Interior's Office of Policy Analysis, has worked for over thirty years on a variety of developmental, natural resource and environmental issues with the U.S. federal government, the Staew of Michigan, the private sector, and various think tanks. He has researched and written widely on science-related public policy issues pertaining to the relationships between human well-being, economic development and technological change; hunger; biotechnology; sustainable development; the precautionary principle, air quality; and climate change. He has a bachelor's degree from the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, and master's and doctorate degrees from Michigan State University (all in electrical engineering). Opinions and views expressed by Dr. Goklany are his alone, and not necessarily of any institution with which he is associated.

Prof Jim Hall
University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne and Tyndall Centre, UK

Jim Hall holds the Chair in Earth Systems Engineering in the School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences at the University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Before joining the university in 2004 he was Reader in Civil Engineering Systems in the Department of Civil Engineering at the University of Bristol where he held a Royal Academy of Engineering Post-Doctoral Research Fellowship. Professor Hall's research is internationally renowned for the development of new uncertainty handling and decision-support tools for flood and coastal risk analysis. He is author of over 70 refereed journal and conference publications. In 2001 he received the Institution of Civil Engineer's George Stephenson Medal and the Frederick Palmer Prize for his work on risk-based benefit assessment of coastal cliff recession. In 2004 he was awarded the Institution of Civil Engineers' Robert Alfred Carr Prize for his work on broad-scale assessment of flood risk. He was Principal Investigator of the EPSRC Flood and Coastal Risk, Reliability and Uncertainty Network (FloodRiskNet) and is managing Newcastle University's involvement in projects funded by the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, looking at various aspects of uncertainty and impacts of climate change. Professor Hall is member of the EA/Defra R&D Theme Advisory Group on Risk Evaluation and Understanding of Uncertainty and played a core role in the OST Foresight Future Flooding project, which sought to analyse risks and responses to flooding and coastal erosion in the UK over the period 2030-2100.

Dr. Hijioka
Dr. Hijioka serves in the National Institute of Environmental Studies in Japan as a researcher. His research topics cover development of integrate assessment model for analyzing climate change impacts, especially related to global and regional water resources, and he is involved in the development of the Asian-Pacific Integrated Model (AIM) to estimate climate change impact and to assess policy options for stabilizing global climate.

Steffen Kallbekken
Steffen Kallbekken is a research fellow at CICERO - Center for International Climate and Environmental Research - Oslo. He has a BSc in Environmental Science from the University of Bradford (1999) and a MSc in Environmental Economics and Environmental Management from the University of York (2000). He is currently pursuing his PhD in behavioural economics at the University of Oslo. His research at CICERO has focused on emissions trading, general equilibrium modeling, integrated modeling and long-term climate targets.

Dr Jonathan Lawry
University of Bristol and Tyndall Centre, UK

Jonathan Lawry is Reader in Artificial Intelligence in the Department of Engineering Mathematics at the University of Bristol, a post to which he was appointed in 1997. Dr. Lawry has published over 60 refereed articles in the area of approximate reasoning and has extensive experience in the application of uncertainty methods to real world problems including flood forecasting and risk analysis. He was the principle investigator on an EPSRC funded project to develop methods for the automated learning of fuzzy prototypes and has also received grants from the Nuffield foundation and the Royal Academy of Engineering. He is also a co-investigator on a grant from the Tyndall research centre on Uncertainty Modelling in Climate Change and is a member of the new EPSRC/EA/DEFRA Flood Risk Management Consortium from where he has a grant to investigate applications of AI to flood forecasting. Dr Lawry is a member of the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications and was joint organiser for the IEEE workshop `Modelling with Words' that took place in Melbourne in December 2001. He was also co-chair of the 2003 UK workshop on Computational Intelligence to take place in Bristol and he is chairing the International Workshop on Soft Methods in Probability and Statistics in 2006.

David Lee
David Lee is Professor of Atmospheric Science at Manchester Metropolitan University. His specialism is aviation impacts on climate and is active in various UK and EU research projects (TRADEOFF, PARTEMIS, AERO2K, QUANTIFY, AERONET, ECATS). He is also active in IPCC, ICAO, EU and UNFCCC working groups. Current particular interests are the impacts of aviation on climate and aviation's future role in stabilization scenarios.

Prof. Dr. Rik Leemans
Prof. Dr. Rik Leemans leads the Environmental Systems Analysis group (www.dow.wau.nl/msa) of the Environmental Sciences Department of Wageningen University. He further co-chairs the Response Option Working group of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. He also participates in several (inter)national committees concerned with various aspects of global change. He currently directs several multidisciplinary projects to develop integrated assessment models for global biodiversity and local/regional ecosystem vulnerability.

Over the last decade he was a senior scientist of the National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) in Bilthoven. Here, he directed the development of integrated modelling approaches for the biosphere within the IMAGE 2 model. He was further strongly involved in all assessments of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) over the last decade.

His early studies at Uppsala University (Sweden) emphasised the successional dynamics and structure of boreal forests. His subsequent research position at the Biosphere Project of the International Institute of Applied System Analyses (IIASA, Austria) focussed on boreal forest models. Since then his research has excelled into modelling global land-cover patterns and land-use change. His main research interests concern biodiversity, vegetation structure and dynamics, land-use and cover change, biogeochemical cycles, biodiversity, ecosystem services and sustainable development.

Dr. Leemans has published on a wide range of topics. These include forest dynamics, large-scale vegetation and crop distribution, global environmental databases, terrestrial C cycle and the importance of feedback processes, the incorporation of land-use change and other human dimensions into Earth system models, biodiversity, integrated assessment tools and, more recently, potential mitigation and adaptation options and strategies for environmental change.

Some recent publications:

Bakkenes, M., J. R. M. Alkemade, F. Ihle, R. Leemans, and J. B. Latour. 2002. Assessing effects of forecasted climate change on the diversity and distribution of European higher plants for 2050. Global Change Biology 8:390-407.
Leemans, R., 2001. The use of global-change scenarios to determine changes in species and habitats. In Global biodiversity in a changing environment: Scenario for the 21st century. (eds. F. Stuart Chapin, III, O.E. Sala and E. Huber-Sannwald), Springer Verlag, New York. pp. 23-46.
Leemans, R., and B. Eickhout. 2004. Another reason for concern: regional and global impacts on ecosystems for different levels of climate change. Global Environmental Change 14:219-228.
Leemans, R., B. J. Eickhout, B. Strengers, A. F. Bouwman, and M. Schaeffer. 2002. The consequences for the terrestrial carbon cycle of uncertainties in land use, climate and vegetation responses in the IPCC SRES scenarios. Science in China, Series C. 45:126-136.
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. 2003. Ecosystems and human well-being: a framework for assessment. Island Press, Washington DC.
Smith, J.B., H.J. Schellnhuber, M. Monirul Qader Mirza, S. Fankhauser, R. Leemans, L. Erda, L. Ogallo, B. Pittock, R. Richels, C. Rosenzweig, U. Safriel, R.S.J. Tol, J. Weyant and G. Yohe, 2001. Vulnerability to Climate Change and reasons for concern: A Synthesis. In Climat Change 2001. Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. (eds. J.J. McCarthy, O.F. Canziani, N.A. Leary, D.J. Dokken and K.S. White), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. pp. 913-967.

Dr Ling Lim
Dr Ling Lim is a Research Associate at the Centre for Air Transport and the Environment (CATE). Ling has a background in civil engineering and has completed a PhD in atmospheric dispersion at the University of Surrey. Ling has worked on air quality dispersion modelling. She is currently working on modelling the effects of aviation on climate using simple climate models, and calculating global and regional contrail coverage.

Irene Lorenzoni
Irene Lorenzoni is a Senior Research Associate at the Centre for Environmental Risk (School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia). Her current research focuses on perceptions and institutional aspects of global climate change, and is funded by the Understanding Risk Programme of the Leverhulme Trust and by the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research. Her interests include individual and cultural views of climate change, and public and stakeholder participation.

Reg Mann
Reg Mann is professor of chemical reaction engineering at The University of Manchester (formerly UMIST), where he has been a member of the teaching staff since 1972. His principal research interests are in applied catalysis and mixing in chemical reactors. He has pioneered the use of process tomography to quantify the segregated concentration fields that arise in chemical reactors which are not well mixed. Such imperfect mixing can profoundly distort the chemical yield achieved. Professor Mann is also seeking to apply tomography for validation of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for chemical reactors. He has published more than 100 technical papers and supervised some 40 doctoral candidates. In recent years he has been pursuing the use of clever chemistry and catalysis to devise a sustainable chemical industry based upon recycling. This includes a carbon neutral scheme for transportation based on petrol/gasoline which sequesters CO2 on board and reconstitutes it back into petrol/gasoline by hydrogenation from water as a hydrogen source.

Dr. Bert Metz
Dr Bert Metz studied Chemical Engineering at the Delft University of Technology and received his doctorate at the same university. From 1976 until 1980 and from 1982 until 1987 he worked for the Inspectorate for Environmental Protection of the Dutch Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment at the Northern Regional Office in the field of air pollution, external safety, noise pollution, chemical waste and the enforcement of environmental laws. Between these two periods he was Senior Lecturer and Acting Head of Department of the Department of Chemical Engineering at the Ahmadu Bello University in Zaria, Nigeria. From 1987 until 1992 he was Counsellor for Health and Environment at the Royal Netherlands Embassy in Washington DC. In 1992 he became Deputy Director for Air and Energy of the Netherlands Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment. In this function he was responsible for climate policy and international climate change negotiations. After the adoption of the Climate Change Convention in Rio de Janeiro he was leading the Netherlands delegation to the negotiations leading to the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol to the Climate Convention in December 1997. During the Netherlands presidency of the European Union in 1997 he was chairman of the Working Group that prepared the European position in the climate negotiations and the draft decisions on EU climate policy. In 2001 he was re-elected (after a first term that started in 1997) as co-chairman of the Working Group on Climate Change Mitigation of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change of the UN for the preparation of the Fourth Assessment Report in 2007. From 1998 he has been associated with the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency RIVM, where he led the International Environmental Assessment and the Global Sustainability and Climate Division. Currently he is a senior scientist with the Agency. He is married to Mieke Woerdeman. They have two daughters.

Robert J. Nicholls
Chair in Coastal Engineering
School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ

Robert Nicholls has an international reputation concerning impacts and adaptation to climate change for coastal areas, with a strong emphasis on sea-level rise. This includes lead authorship of chapters in four reports of the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC): Second Assessment Report (1996); the Regional Assessment (1998); the Special Report on Technology Transfer (2000); and the Third Assessment Report (2001), and he is now convening lead author for the coastal chapter in the IPCC 4th assessment. He led the SURVAS Project which reviewed vulnerability around the world from 1999 to 2001. His research includes methodological developments, detailed case studies of impacts and possible responses, and regional and global analyses which support climate policy development. He is author of more than 80 papers and book chapters.

Dennis Parker
Middlesex University, Flood Hazard Research Centre, UK

Dennis Parker is a founder member of the Flood Hazard Research Centre. He is a specialist in research on the socio-economic impacts of floods, flood warning systems and flood management in general, and has advised many national and international agencies and governments around the world. His current research is on the design of hazard warning systems, and flood hazard management in London and the Thames estuary.

Chris Rapely
Prof Chris Rapley CBE is Director of the British Antarctic Survey (BAS). Prior to this he was for four years the Executive Director of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm. This followed an extended period as Professor of Remote Sensing Science and Associate Director of University College London's Mullard Space Science Laboratory. He has a first degree in physics from Oxford, a M.Sc. in radioastronomy from Manchester University, and a Ph.D. in X-ray astronomy from University College London. He has been a Principal Investigator on both NASA and European Space Agency satellite missions and is a member of the NASA JPL Cassini mission Science Team. He has been a member of numerous national and international committees and boards including Vice President of the Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research and Chair of the International Council for Science's (ICSU) International Polar Year 2007-2008 (IPY) Planning Group. He is currently a member of the European Polar Board's Executive and ICSU - World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) Joint Committee for IPY. He is a Fellow of St Edmund's College Cambridge, and is an Honorary Professor at University College London and at the University of East Anglia.

UK Carbon Capture and Storage Consortium
Jon Gibbins, Imperial College London
Stuart Haszeldine, University of Edinburgh
Sam Holloway, Jonathan Pearce, British Geological Survey
John Oakey, Cranfield University
Simon Shackley, University of Manchester
Carol Turley, Plymouth Marine Laboratory

The authors are members of the UK Carbon Capture and Storage Consortium. This is a national group with members from twelve universities, the British Geological Survey, Plymouth Marine Laboratory and the Tyndall Centre, formed in April 2004 to bid for £2 million support from the Research Councils 'Towards a Sustainable Energy Economy' programme under its Carbon Management theme. The mission of the Consortium is "to promote an understanding of how options for decoupling fossil fuel use from carbon emissions through the use of carbon capture and storage could be used to assist the UK in achieving an energy system which is environmentally sustainable, socially acceptable and meets energy needs securely and affordably". Members also recognise that carbon capture and storage is likely to have an important global role in the transition to stable and sustainable CO2 emissions and hope that UK progress in this area will support the aims of the UK's G8 climate change initiative.

Dr Peter Read
Born in 1935, Dr Peter Read trained originally as an officer with the Royal Navy, subsequently gaining a first degree and PhD in Engineering at Cambridge University. After a spell as a scientist with the nuclear energy program, he became a policy analyst and administrator in Whitehall from 1964 - 1975, mainly working on energy policy issues. He returned to academia via an Economics Masters at the London School of Economics and a Research Fellowship in Alternative Energy Technology at the Open University. He migrated with his NZ born wife in 1980 and has since taught and researched Energy Economics at Massey University, New Zealand. Since 1990 he has focused increasingly on the climate change impact of energy technology and the development of industry-friendly response strategies that reflect the need to be prepared for potential abrupt climate change. The basis of his approach, involving the development of large-scale global bio-energy trading, is set out in his 1994 book "Responding to Global Warming", and is developed in about 100 scientific papers.

Tim Reeder
Environment Agency, UK

Tim Reeder is a manager in the Thames Region of the Environment Agency. He has over twenty years experience in the environmental field, for much of that working to monitor and improve the quality of the Thames. He has been involved in climate change issues for over ten years and represents the Agency on the London Climate Change partnership. He is Project Scientist for the Thames 2100 project, which is looking at the future of the Thames Barrier and flood risk management in the Thames Estuary, and is managing the Agency's input to ESPACE an EC project (European Spatial Planning Adapting to Climate Events).

Paul Reiter
Paul Reiter is a specialist in the biology, ecology, behaviour and control of mosquitoes, and the transmission dynamics and epidemiology of the diseases they transmit. He worked for 22 years as a Research Scientist at the Division of Vector-borne Infectious Diseases of the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), with special interest in dengue, West Nile encephalitis and other arboviral diseases. During that period, he headed field investigations of disease outbreaks in many countries around the world on behalf of the World Health Organization (WHO), Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), the US Government, Operation Lifeline Sudan and other organizations. In 2003 he was appointed Professor at the Institute Pasteur, Paris, where he directs a new unit of Insects and Infectious Disease. He is a member the WHO Expert Advisory Committee on Vector Biology and Control, and has served on many other international committees and work groups. He has a long-standing interest in the role of weather and climate in epidemiology, and has been actively involved in the international debate on climate change for more than 12 years. He has served as consultant and lead author for the US Climate Change Research Program (Health Section), and on other national and international panels.

Michael E. Schlesinger
Michael E. Schlesinger, Professor of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in Engineering, and his Ph.D. degree in Meteorology, all from the University of California, Los Angeles. Professor Schlesinger directs the UIUC Climate Research Group (CRG) within the Department of Atmospheric Sciences. He is an expert in the modelling, simulation and analysis of climate and climate change, with interests in simulating and understanding past, present and possible future climates, climate impacts and climate policy. He carried out the first detailed comparison of climate and climate changes simulated by different atmospheric general circulation models (GCMs).The CRG has tropospheric, tropospheric/lower-stratospheric, tropospheric/stratospheric and tropospheric/stratospheric/mesospheric GCMs - which can be run with and without the CRG's atmospheric photochemistry/species-transport model, either with sea surface temperature and sea ice thickness prescribed or simulated by either the CRG mixed-layer ocean model or the CRG oceanic GCM. The CRG also has a coupled atmospheric general circulation/mixed-layer ocean-ice-sheet/asthenosphere model and a variety of simple climate models, including the model that Prof. Schlesinger developed in 1984 and later used to make projections of global temperature change to the year 2100 for the 1990 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report. Results from increased carbon-dioxide and other simulations by the tropospheric and tropospheric/lower-stratospheric GCMs have been used in many climate-impact assessments, beginning with that for the United States published by the EPA in 1989. In 1991 Prof. Schlesinger investigated the urgency of climate-change mitigation and found that "the penalty for a 10-year delay in initiating the transition to a reduced-greenhouse-gas scenario is small." In 1994 he discovered a 65-70 year temperature oscillation in observed surface temperatures for the North Atlantic Ocean and its bordering continental regions, a finding that was reported in Discover Magazine as one of "The Top 75 Science Stories" of 1994. In 1996 he published the first simulation of the onset of the last ice age using a coupled atmospheric general circulation/mixed-layer ocean-ice-sheet/asthenosphere model. In 1997 he developed the Country-Specific Model for Intertemporal Climate which has been used by 123 scientists in 47 countries. Since 1991 he has published several papers on climate-change impacts and policy, including those developing the robust adaptive decision strategy. He has published papers on the influence of the Pinatubo eruption on climate and chemistry, on the causes of the observed temperature changes since 1856, and on an objective estimation of the probability distribution for climate sensitivity based on observed temperature changes. His research currently focuses on: (1) Simulating and understanding the past, present and possible future behaviour of the Atlantic thermohaline circulation; (2) Characterizing and reducing the uncertainty in the estimated climate sensitivity; (3) Determining the effects on past and future climate of the sun, sulphate aerosols - both of volcanic and anthropogenic origin - and natural variability; (4) Performing integrative assessment of climate change, including the impacts of climate change and adaptation and mitigation responses; (5) Further developing the robust adaptive decision strategy; and (6) Simulating and understanding the coupled climate-chemistry system, including the influences of the sun - both irradiance and energetic electron precipitation - and volcanoes. Prof. Schlesinger has directed NATO and other conferences in Italy, England and the United States; has edited three books; and has contributed to many assessments of climate change, including those of the IPCC and the Energy Modelling Forum. He is currently editing the book "Human-Induced Climate Change: An Interdisciplinary Assessment" to be published by Cambridge University Press. A complete list of Professor Schlesinger's publications and additional information are located on the CRG Homepage.

W.W.A. Shantha
Agribusiness Consultant
Research & Development Division
Central Engineering Consultancy Bureau
11, Jawatta Road
Sri Lanka

Mr. Shantha W.W.A received BSc in Agriculture from Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka. He joined Central Engineering Consultancy Bureau in 2003 as an Agribusiness Consultant. He is appointed as a researcher in analyzing climate change in Mahaweli Upper Watershed area by the Government of Sri Lanka. Owing to his expertise in the field, he became a member of parliamentary consultancy Committee for Ministry of Rural Economy in Sri Lanka. He is a pioneer in research & development activities oriented on development of national environmental friendly sustainable Agribusiness Policy in Sri Lanka.

Will Steffen
Will Steffen is currently Science Adviser, Australian Greenhouse Office, and Visiting Fellow, Bureau of Rural Sciences, Australian Government, Canberra. In addition, he is the Chief Scientist of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP), headquartered in Stockholm, Sweden. Steffen received his PhD in inorganic chemistry in 1975 from the University of Florida, USA. After working for five years as a research chemist, he joined the CSIRO Division of Environmental Mechanics, Canberra, to work in science management, editing and communication. In 1990 he became the Executive Officer of IGBP's Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems (GCTE) core project, based in Canberra. He took up IGBP's directorship in 1998 and served as Executive Director from then until June 2004. Steffen's science interests span a broad range within the field of Earth System science, with a special emphasis on terrestrial ecosystem interactions with global change, the global carbon cycle and on adaptation to global change.

Dr. Takahashi
Dr. Takahashi serves in the National Institute for Environmental Studies as a researcher. His fields of research cover environmental modelling analysis, especially on water resources and global agriculture, and he is involved in the development of the Asian-Pacific Integrated Model (AIM) to estimate climate change impact and to assess policy options for stabilizing global climate. His recent research interests include impact assessments considering inter/intra-annual climate variability and extreme events, quantitative assessment of adaptation options, and development of discussion tool for seeking acceptable stabilization targets.

Richard S.J. Tol
Richard S.J. Tol is the Michael Otto Professor of Sustainability and Global Change, Departments of GeoSciences and Economics, and Director, Research Unit on Sustainability and Global Change, Centre for Marine and Climate Research, Hamburg University, Germany; a Principal Researcher, Institute for Environmental Studies, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; and an Adjunct Professor, Centre for Integrated Study of the Human Dimensions of Global Change, Department of Engineering and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. He received a M.Sc. in econometrics (1992) and a Ph.D. in economics (1997) from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. After a short while as a research assistant at the Department of Econometrics, he joined the Institute for Environmental Studies at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam in 1992. He joined the Centre for Integrated Study of the Human Dimensions of Global Change in 1998. He joined Hamburg University in 2000. He has been a Visiting Researcher at the Canadian Centre for Climate Research, University of Victoria, British Colombia (March 1994), and the Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment, University College London (March 1995). He has 73 publications in learned journals (with 42 co-authors), 1 book, 4 major reports, 20 book chapters, and many minor publications. He is interested in the application of economic, mathematical and statistical techniques, such as time series analysis, valuation, decision analysis, and game theory, to environmental problems, in particular climate change, natural disasters, marine resources and river basin management. He is known for his work on impacts of, and adaptation to climate change. He developed the Climate Framework for Uncertainty, Negotiation and Distribution, an integrated assessment model for climate change. He is a board member of the Centre for Marine and Climate Research and of the International Max Planck Research Schools of Earth Systems Modelling and Maritime Affairs, all at Hamburg University. He participates in the model comparison exercises of the Energy Modelling Forum of Stanford University. He is an editor for Energy Economics and an associate editor for Environmental and Resource Economics. He is advisor and referee of national and international policy and research. He is an author (contributing, lead, principal and convening) of Working Groups I, II and III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. He is an author and editor of the UNEP Handbook on Methods for Climate Change Impact Assessment and Adaptation Strategies. He is actively involved in the European Climate Forum and the European Forum on Integrated Environmental Assessment.

Dr Carol Turley
Dr Carol Turley has managed a large UK Community programme (Biogeochemical Ocean Flux Study) and led two NERC funded core strategic science programmes at Plymouth Marine Laboratory which also focused on ocean carbon cycling. She is currently Head of Science for Biogeochemistry and a member of the PML Senior Management Team. Her own research has been centred on the ocean's biogeochemical cycles looking at habitats from shallow and deep-sea sediments, estuaries, frontal systems to large enclosed waters. She has researched pelagic-benthic coupling and the role of sediment dwelling organisms on mediating sediment processes and the effect of sediment bound contaminants on biodiversity and biogeochemical processes. She has worked within the EU framework programmes (Mediterranean Targeted Programme, EUROCEANS). She has been invited to write reviews by the Royal Society and the Federation of European Microbiology and in addition the EU has asked her to carry out substantial reviews on the current state of the Mediterranean and also on linking scientific research to policy making. She has also been invited to give numerous key note talks on marine biogeochemical cycles at international venues. She recently led the Government (DEFRA) review on impact of pH change on the marine environment, is a member of The Royal Society working group on ocean acidification and is a member of the international Steering Committee for Integrated Marine Biogeochemical and Ecosystem Research (IMBER) a new International Global Biosphere Programme (IGBP).

Dr Jon Wicks
Halcrow, UK

Dr Jon Wicks is a chartered civil engineer with eighteen years' experience in mathematical modelling of river systems, pipe networks and sediment transport. He has wide experience in water resources projects including flood studies, river modelling, flood forecasting, hydrology, pipe networks, irrigation and sediment studies. His particular expertise is in software development within the water resources discipline and has project managed the development of many successful software products including ISIS and the MDSF - UK standard tools for flood modelling and catchment flood management planning respectively. Dr Wicks has worked on modelling studies on the River Thames for many years and is currently helping the Environment Agency with tidal flood inundation prediction for London.

Richard Wood
Richard Wood obtained a first degree in mathematics from Cambridge University, and a PhD in geophysical fluid dynamics from Exeter University. He spent 2 years as a lecturer in applied mathematics at Southampton University before joining the Met Office in 1989, where he has worked at the Hadley Centre since its inception. He is currently a Met Office Fellow and Manager of Ocean Model Evaluation in the Hadley Centre. He has worked widely on modelling the ocean and its role in climate, and has been a lead author on model evaluation in the IPCC third and fourth assessment reports.

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